A podiatrist is an expert who specializes in the foot and the ankle. Foot and bunions specialist prevent, diagnose, and treat foot problems, such as sprains, fractures, bunions, heel pain/spur (inflammation and thickening occurring on the bottom of the foot), warts, corns, neuroma (enlarged nerves commonly between the third and the fourth toes), calluses, and other related cases.
To become one of the foot doctors, an individual must first finish a 4-ye ar bachelor's degree from a university, then transfer to a Podiatric Medical School that offers a Doctorate degree in Podiatry. After they have achieved their doctorate degree, one must go through hospital-based residency programs, which runs from two to three years.
This process will tell the individual if he/she would be qualified to become a full-time podiatrist. After completing the 2- to 3-year course, they will have full medical and surgical privileges for the treatment of the foot and other related problems, though there are specified variations from state to state.
Podiatrists treat a wide range of people from children to adults, from couch potatoes to athletes, and many more.
There are categories into which podiatry is further explained. These categories are diabetic foot care and wound care, pediatric foot care, biomechanics, and surgery. Many diabetics end up in podiatry hospitals since the future effects of diabetes are peripheral neuropathy and ulcerations, which involve the feet.
Podiatrists use the modern and the most advanced wound machines to heal and help people with foot wounds that may cause later infection. Ointments and dressings are also applied to the wounded foot.